The CO must be collected within 1 month from its approval date. The exporter may authorise a person to collect the CO on their behalf.
The authorised person is required to produce the Letter of Authorisation issued by the exporter for verification during collection:
Note: Effective, 1 Apr 2016, all Letters of Authorisation for collection of CO must be issued by the exporter unless a blanket appointment letter is provided to an entity to collect the CO on their behalf. In such cases, this letter from the exporter and the Letter of Authorisation from the appointed entity must be provided during each CO collection.
Please ensure that the information on the CO is accurate and tick the relevant check boxes before signing on the CO and dispatching it to your overseas customer. Explanation on the check boxes are found on the overleaf notes of the CO.
How to apply for back-to-back preferential Certificate of Origin with Singapore Customs?
The back-to-back preferential CO is issued by Singapore Customs for the re-export of goods based on the preferential CO issued by the first exporting party. The goods must be imported into Singapore and meet the conditions for it to be issued.
In general, the re-export may be eligible for a back-to-back preferential CO issued under a specific Free Trade Agreement (FTA), under the following conditions:
- The FTA Contains a back-to-back preferential CO provision;
- The first exporting country, Singapore, and the final importing country are Parties to the same FTA;
- The goods are imported into Singapore from the first exporting country and re-exported from Singapore to the final importing country;
- The import of the goods into Singapore is covered by a preferential CO issued by the issuing authority in the first exporting country;
- The goods do not undergo any further processing in Singapore; and
- The goods fulfill the relevant requirements in the Operational Certificate Procedures of the FTA.
Please refer to the legal text of the respective Free Trade Agreements for the eligibility requirements for back-to-back preferential CO application.
||Back-to-Back Preferential CO
||Back-to-Back AFTA ATIGA Form D
||Back-to-Back ACFTA Form E (also known as Movement Certificate)
||Back-to-Back AKFTA Form AK
||Back-to-Back AJCEP Form AJ
||Back-to-Back AIFTA Form AI
||Back-to-Back AANZFTA Form AANZ
||Back-to-Back AHKFTA Form AHK
The required supporting documents include:
- Original preferential CO of the first exporting party
- Exporter’s invoice
- Working sheet for partial consignments
- Import permit (required only for application of Certificate Types 20, 28 and 32)
You can attach the supporting documents with the export permit and preferential CO application via TradeNet.
For back-to-back Form Ds, you may refer to an e-ATIGA Form D issued by the first exporting party instead of providing the hardcopy Form D, if:
- The goods originate from Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam; and
- The e-ATIGA Form D from the ASEAN Member States has been successfully received.
You may refer to Electronic Exchange of Form D via the ASEAN Single Window for more information.
How to renew the validity of expired manufacturing cost statements?
You can renew the manufacturing cost statements by submitting a letter of undertaking via e-filing.
The letter would declare the goods of all models still qualify at the prevailing origin criterion(a) under the respective Free Trade Agreements or Schemes previously approved.
How to cancel a Certificate of Origin?
A CO that is not utilised shall be returned to Singapore Customs with a cover letter stating the request for cancellation. You may send it to:
Tariffs and Trade Services Branch (Rules of Origin Unit)
55 Newton Road #07- 01
How to amend a Certificate of Origin?
You may amend a CO electronically via TradeNet if:
- The CO is applied together with an export permit at the time of application;
- The export permit is still valid; and
- The field which you wish to amend in the CO is an amendable field in the export permit
If the amendment is made after the CO has been generated for printing, all previously issued COs under the export permit will be considered null and void and must be returned to Singapore Customs for cancellation. A new CO number will be issued and the CO can be collected 2 working hours after approval.
Electronic Exchange of Form D via the ASEAN Single Window (ASW)
The ASEAN Single Window (ASW) is an environment that connects and integrates the National Single Windows (NSWs) of ASEAN Member States (AMS), thereby allowing the electronic exchange of data between the AMS.
You may apply for e-Form under ATIGA if you are exporting to:
- Brunei Darussalam;
- Cambodia (from 1 Jul 2019);
- Thailand; and
Under the live operation of the ASW, a Form D under the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA) electronically transmitted (e-ATIGA Form D) from Singapore to any of the above-mentioned AMS for an import will also enjoy preferential tariff treatment. No other Certificates of Origin can currently be transmitted via the ASW.
To transmit an e-ATIGA Form D, the exporter must first be registered with Singapore Customs to access to TradeNet. There is no change to the Form D application procedures in TradeNet. However, the applicant must access the approved Form D in the TradeNet Backend thereafter to authorise and trigger the transmission of the e-ATIGA Form D to the importing country via the ASW.
You may also find an infographic of the process here.
Errors and Offences
Companies may be penalised under the Regulation of Imports and Exports Act (RIEA) if they do not comply with requirements relating to rules of origin.
For minor offences under the RIEA, Singapore Customs may offer to compound the offences for a sum not exceeding S$5,000 per offence. Offenders may be prosecuted if the offence committed is of a fraudulent or serious nature.
||Penalty Upon Conviction
|Making a false declaration
(Section 28(1)(a) of the RIEA)
|A fine not exceeding S$10,000 or imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years or both.
|Incorrect trade descriptions
(Section 28A(1)(a) of the RIEA)
A fine not exceeding S$100,000 or 3 times the value of the goods in respect of which the offence was committed, whichever is greater, or imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years or to both.
Second or subsequent conviction:
A fine not exceeding S$200,000 or 4 times the value of the goods in respect of which the offence was committed, whichever is greater, or imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 years or to both.
|Failure to comply with requirements of the Director-General for the issue of preferential CO
(Regulation 24B(4) of the RIER)
You may view more information on the prescribed offences and penalties under the RIEA and RIER.
You are accountable as an exporter or declaring agent for the export of goods and compliance with the Rules of Origin requirements. You are encouraged to observe the following Dos and Don’ts to improve your compliance with regulatory requirements:
✔ Ensure you are a registered manufacturer with Singapore Customs if you intend to apply for a CO with Singapore Customs.
✔ Familiarise yourself with the origin criteria for your goods (the criteria could vary across different Free Trade Agreements and Schemes of Preferences).
✔ Verify that the Singapore-origin goods which you wish to apply for a preferential CO are manufactured in Singapore and that it met the required origin criteria under the relevant Free Trade Agreements and Schemes of Preferences.
✔ Ensure the materials or components which you have classified as Singapore origin in your cost statement are indeed manufactured in Singapore.
✔ Ensure that manufacturing cost statements submitted to Singapore Customs are accurate and up-to-date. Inform Singapore Customs if there are changes to your production methods and costing. Renew your manufacturing cost statement 2 months before the expiry date.
✔ Ensure the CO covers all items for which preferential tariff treatment is to be claimed.
✔ Retain copies of preferential COs/origin declaration and all supporting documents according to the time period stated in the respective Free Trade Agreements.
✔ Send your employees to attend courses conducted by the Singapore Customs Academy, particularly SC103 (Rules of Origin/Free Trade Agreements) and OP002 (Outreach for Newly Registered Manufacturers).
✔ Cooperate with Singapore Customs for request on documentation checks or access to your production facility.
✔ Have clear procedures to notify Singapore Customs upon discovery of a possible error in origin declaration.
✖ Make an origin declaration without ensuring that the goods meet the origin criteria under the respective Free Trade Agreements or Schemes.
✖ Agree to requests from customers to make incorrect origin declarations.
✖ Re-label the country of origin on the goods or its packaging.